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Historical happenings

10/17/1815 Napoleon Bonaparte arrives at the island of St. Helena in the South Atlantic, where he has been banished by the Allies.

10/17/1877 ~ Brigadier General Alfred Terry meets with Sitting Bull in Canada to discuss the Indians’ return to the United States.

10/17/1972 ~ Peace talks between the Pathet Lao and the Royal Lao government begin in Vietnam.

Historical happenings

10/16/1813 ~ The United States defeats the British Fleet at the Battle of Lake Erie during the War of 1812.

10/16/1908 ~ The first airplane flight in England is made at Farnborough, by Samuel Cody, a U.S. citizen.

10/16/1934 ~ Mao Tse-tung decides to abandon his base in Jiangxi due to attacks from Chiang Kai-shek’s Nationalists. With his pregnant wife and about 30,000 Red Army troops, he sets out on the “Long March.”

Ponder this

There are many men of principle in both parties in America, but there is no party of principle.

~ Alexis de Tocqueville

Historical happenings

10/15/1582 ~ The Gregorian (or New World) calendar is adopted in Italy, France, Spain, and Portugal; and the preceding ten days are lost to history.

10/15/1863 ~ For the second time, the Confederate submarine H L Hunley sinks during a practice dive in Charleston Harbor, this time drowning its inventor along with seven crew members.

10/15/1917 ~ Dutch exotic dancer and courtesan Mata Hari is executed by firing squad at Vincennes, outside Paris, on charges of spying for the German Empire during World War I.

Historical happenings

10/14/651 ~ Laws are passed in Massachusetts forbidding the poor to adopt excessive styles of dress.

10/14/1912 ~ Former U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt is shot and wounded in an assassination attempt in Milwaukee. He is saved by the papers in his breast pocket and, though wounded, insists on finishing his speech.

10/14/1947 ~ Test pilot Chuck Yeager breaks the sound barrier aboard a Bell X-1 rocket plane.

Ponder this

Liberty cannot be established without morality, nor morality without faith.

~ Alexis de Tocqueville